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2008年版本美国公民入籍考试100题

添加时间:2021.06.10作者:华商移民来源:华商移民


USCIS移民局2021年2月22日宣布,从2021年3月1日起,恢复2008年版本的100题入籍公民测试。


由于2020年12月1日之后以及2021年3月1日之前提交入籍申请的申请人可能已经复习了2020年测试,因此,USCIS将为这些申请人提供参加2020年公民测试或2008年公民测试,两者可以2选1。2020年新版本的128题将于2021年4月19日被淘汰。在2021年3月1日当天或之后提交的申请者将使用2008年公民入籍100题测试。


美国政府


Part A: 美国民主原则A: Principles of American Democracy


1. 美国的最高法律是什么?What is the supreme law of the land?

宪法the Constitution

2. 宪法的作用是什么?What does the Constitution do?

建立政府体制sets up the government

定义政府defines the government

保护美国人的基本权利protects basic rights of Americans

3. 宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念,这三个字是什么?The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

我们人民We the People

4. 什么是修正案?What is an amendment?

(宪法的)更正a change (to the Constitution)

(宪法的)补充an addition (to the Constitution)

5. 宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

权利法案the Bill of Rights

6. 列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由。What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

言论自由speech

宗教自由religion

集会结社的自由assembly

出版自由press

向政府请愿的自由petition the government

7. 宪法有几条修正案?How many amendments does the Constitution have?

二十七 (27) 条twenty-seven (27)

8. 「独立宣言」的作用是什么?What did the Declaration of Independence do?

宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立announced our independence (from Great Britain)

宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立declared our independence (from Great Britain)

表示美国(脱离英国而)独立said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9. 列举「独立宣言」中的两项权利。What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

生命(的权利)life

自由(的权利) liberty

追求幸福(的权利)pursuit of happiness

10. 什么是宗教自由?What is freedom of religion?

你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教。You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. 美国的经济制度是什么?What is the economic system in the United States?

资本主义经济capitalist economy

市场经济market economy

12. 「法治」是什么?What is the “rule of law”?

人人都应遵守法律。Everyone must follow the law.

领导人必须遵守法律。Leaders must obey the law.

政府必须遵守法律。Government must obey the law.

没有任何人在法律之上。No one is above the law.


Part B: 政治体制 System of Government


13. 列举政府体制的一个分支或部门。Name one branch or part of the government.

国会Congress

立法部门legislative

总统President

行政部门executive

法院the courts

司法部门judicial

14. 什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

制衡checks and balances

权力分立separation of powers

15. 谁负责行政部门?Who is in charge of the executive branch?

总统the President

16. 谁制定联邦法律?Who makes federal laws?

国会Congress

参议院及众议院Senate and House (of Representatives)

(美国或国家)立法部门 (U.S. or national) legislature

17. 美国国会由哪两个部分组成?What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

参议院与众议院the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. 美国参议员有几位?How many U.S. Senators are there?

一百 (100) 位one hundred (100)

19. 我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

六 (6) 年six (6)

20. 您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

答案依所在州不同而异。哥伦比亚特区和美国领土的居民可答:哥伦比亚特区当地(或应试居民所在领地)没有美国参议员。Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C.(or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21. 众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

四百三十五 (435) 位four hundred thirty-five (435)

22. 我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

两 (2) 年two (2)

23. 列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字 。

答案依所在州不同而异。住在没有投票权的美国领地当地代表或专员之应试者可以说明当地代表或专员的姓名。说明自己选区没有国会(投票)代表也是可接受的答案。Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may

provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory hasno (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

24. 美国参议员代表何人?Name your U.S. Representative.

其所在州的所有人民all people of the state

25. 为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

(由于)该州的人口 (because of) the state’s population

(由于)该州有更多人口 (because) they have more people

(由于)该州的人口比其他州多 (because) they have more people

26. 我们选出的总统任职多少年?We elect a President for how many years?

四 (4) 年four (4)

27. 我们在哪一个月选总统?In what month do we vote for President?

十一月November

28. 现任美国总统的名字是什么?What is the name of the President of the United States now?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索美国总统的姓名。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the President of the United States.

29. 现任美国副总统的名字是什么?What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索美国副总统的姓名。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Vice President of the United States.

30. 如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

副总统the Vice President

31. 如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

众议院议长 the Speaker of the House

32. 谁是三军统帅?Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

总统 the President

33. 谁签署法案使之成为法律?Who signs bills to become laws?

总统the President

34. 谁否决法案?Who vetoes bills?

总统the President

35. 总统的内阁做什么事?What does the President’s Cabinet do?

向总统提出建议advises the President

36. 两个内阁级别的职位是什么?What are two Cabinet-level positions?

农业部长Secretary of Agriculture

商务部长Secretary of Commerce

国防部长Secretary of Defense

教育部长Secretary of Education

能源部长Secretary of Energy

健康与人类服务部长Secretary of Health and Human Services

国土安全部长Secretary of Homeland Security

住宅与都市发展部长Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

内政部长Secretary of the Interior

劳工部长Secretary of Labor

国务卿Secretary of State

交通部长Secretary of Transportation

财政部长Secretary of the Treasury

退伍军人事务部长Secretary of Veterans Affairs

司法部长Attorney General

副总统Vice President

37. 司法部门做什么?What does the judicial branch do?

审查法律reviews laws

解释法律explains laws

解决争议(意见不一致)resolves disputes (disagreements)

决定某一法律是否牴触宪法decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. 美国最高法院是什么?What is the highest court in the United States?

联邦最高法院the Supreme Court

39. 最高法院有几位大法官?How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索美国最高法院的法官人数。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the number of justices on the Supreme Court.

40. 现任联邦首席大法官是谁?Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索美国最高法院首席法官的姓名。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Chief Justice of the United States.

41. 根据我国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府,联邦政府的一项权力是什么?Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federalgovernment?

印制钞票to print money

宣战to declare war

创立军队to create an army

签订条约to make treaties

42. 根据我国宪法,有些权力属于州政府 。州政府的一项权力是什么?Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

提供教育provide schooling and education

提供保护(警员)provide protection (police)

提供安全(消防局)provide safety (fire departments)

提供驾驶执照give a driver’s license

批准区划与土地使用approve zoning and land use

43. 您居住州的现任州长是谁?Who is the Governor of your state now?

答案依居住州不同而异。哥伦比亚特区的居民应回答:我们没有州长。Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

44. 您居住州的首府是哪里?What is the capital of your state?

答案依居住州不同而异。哥伦比亚特区居民应回答哥伦比亚特区不是一个州,没有首府。美国领地居民应回答居住领地的首府。Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

45. 美国当今两大政党为何?What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

民主党与共和党Democratic and Republican

46. 现任总统属于哪个政党?What is the political party of the President now?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索总统的政党。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the political party of the President

47. 现任国会众议院议长的名字是什么?What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

浏览 uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates 搜索众议院议长的姓名。Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives.


Part C: 权利与责任Rights and Responsibilities


48. 宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案,试举一个。There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

十八 (18) 岁以上的公民(可以投票)。Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

您投票不必缴钱(缴投票税)。You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

任何公民都可以投票(男性与女性都可以投票)。Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

任何种族的男性公民(都可以投票)。A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49. 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

当陪审员serve on a jury

在联邦选举中投票vote in a federal election

50. 列举一项美国公民才享有的权利。Name one right only for United States citizens.

在联邦选举中投票的权利vote in a federal election

竞选公职的权利run for federal office

51. 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

表达自由freedom of expression

言论自由freedom of speech

集会结社的自由freedom of assembly

向政府请愿的自由freedom to petition the government

宗教自由freedom of religion

持有武器的自由the right to bear arms

52. 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

美利坚合众国 the United States

国旗the flag

53. 当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

放弃效忠其他国家give up loyalty to other countries

护卫美国的宪法及法律defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

遵守美国的法律obey the laws of the United States

(必要时)加入美国军队serve in the U.S. military (if needed)

(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)

效忠美国be loyal to the United States

54. 美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

十八 (18) 岁以上eighteen (18) and older

55. 美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

投票vote

加入政党 join a political party

协助竞选活动help with a campaign

加入公民团体join a civic group

加入社区团体join a community group

向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见give an elected official your opinion on an issue

拨电给参议员和众议员call Senators and Representatives

公开支持或反对某个议题或政策publicly support or oppose an issue or policy

竞选公职run for office

向报社投函write to a newspaper

56. 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

(每年的)4 月 15 日April 15

57. 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?When must all men register for the Selective Service?

十八 (18) 岁 at age eighteen (18)

十八 (18) 岁至二十六 (26) 岁之间between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)


美国历史AMERICAN HISTORY


Part A: 殖民期与独立Colonial Period and Independence

58. 殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?What is one reason colonists came to America?

自由freedom

政治自由political liberty

宗教自由religious freedom

经济机会economic opportunity

从事宗教活动practice their religion

逃避迫害escape persecution

59. 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

美国印地安人American Indians

美国原住民Native Americans

60. 哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

非洲人Africans

来自非洲的人people from Africa

61. 殖民者为何与英国作战?Why did the colonists fight the British?

因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)because of high taxes (taxation without representation)

因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)

因为他们没有自治权because they didn’t have self-government

62. 「独立宣言」是谁写的?Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

(汤玛士)杰佛逊 (Thomas) Jefferson

63. 「独立宣言」是何时通过采用的?When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

1776 年 7 月 4 日July 4, 1776

64. 美国原先有 13 个州,请列举其中三个州。There were 13 original states. Name three.

新罕布夏New Hampshire

麻萨诸塞Massachusetts

罗德岛Rhode Island

康乃狄克Connecticut

纽约New York

纽泽西New Jersey

宾夕法尼亚Pennsylvania

德拉瓦Delaware

马里兰Maryland

维吉尼亚Virginia

北卡罗莱纳North Carolina

南卡罗莱纳South Carolina

乔治亚Georgia

65. 制宪会议达成了什么事?What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

拟定宪法 。The Constitution was written.

开国诸贤拟定了宪法。The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. 宪法是何时拟定的?When was the Constitution written?

1787 年

67. 《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过,请列举一名《联邦论》的作者。The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

(詹姆士)麦迪森 (James) Madison

(亚历山大)汉米尔顿(Alexander) Hamilton

(约翰)杰伊 (John) Jay

普布利乌斯Publius

68. 班哲明 富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

美国外交官U.S. diplomat

制宪会议年纪最长的成员oldest member of the Constitutional Convention

美国第一任邮政总局局长first Postmaster General of the United States

《穷人理查年鉴》的作者writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”

开办第一个免费图书馆started the first free libraries

69. 谁是「美国国父」?Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

(乔治)华盛顿 (George) Washington

70. 谁是第一任总统?Who was the first President?

(乔治)华盛顿(George) Washington


Part B:1800年代1800s

71. 美国在 1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

路易士安纳领地the Louisiana Territory

路易士安纳Louisiana

72. 列举一场美国在 1800 年代参与的战争。Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

1812年战争War of 1812

美墨战争Mexican-American War

内战Civil War

美国与西班牙战争Spanish-American War

73. 请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称。Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

内战the Civil War

州际战争the War between the States

74. 列举一项导致内战的问题。Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

奴隶制度slavery

经济原因economic reasons

各州的权利states’ rights

75. 亚伯拉罕 林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?

解放奴隶(《解放宣言》)freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

拯救(保留)联盟saved (or preserved) the Union

在内战期间引领美国led the United States during the Civil War

76. 《解放宣言》达成了什么?What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

解放了奴隶freed the slaves

解放了联邦制下的奴隶freed slaves in the Confederacy

解放了联邦各州的奴隶freed slaves in the Confederate states

解放了南方大部分州的奴隶freed slaves in most Southern states

77. 苏珊 B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?What did Susan B. Anthony do?

为女权奋斗fought for women’s rights

为民权奋斗fought for civil rights


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